On 9th November 2000, Uttarakhand became the 27th state of the Republic of India. It was created from Uttar Pradesh. Most of the parts of this northern state are covered by Himalayan peaks and glaciers. In this post, we will know about the state symbols of Uttarkhand such as animal, bird, flower, tree, etc.
Uttarakhand State Symbols: Animal, Bird, Flower, And Tree
Later, like other Indian states, Uttarakhand also decided to declare its state symbols. They chose the most famous and unique symbols for this hilly state.
Following are the Uttarakhand state symbols:
- Also, know about Bihar State Symbols
- Also, know about Punjab State Symbols
- Also, know about Maharashtra State Symbols
State Animal Of Uttarakhand: The Alpine Musk Deer
The Alpine musk deer is the state animal of Uttarakhand. It is also known by Kasturi Mirg or Himalayan Musk Deer. The Alpine Musk Deer contains a musk sac (Kasturi Fluid) externally visible between male testes.
This Alpine deer is found in coniferous and deciduous forests of Himalayan regions at heights of 3000 to 5000 meters. The musk of this alpine deer is used in medicine and cosmetic. Due to drastically hunting, it has become an endangered species. However, hunting these deer is illegal.
- The scientific name of The Alpine Musk Deer is Moschus chrysogaster
State Bird Of Uttarakhand: Himalayan Monal
Himalayan Monal is the state bird of Uttarakhand and is also known as Himalayan Peacock. It is found throughout the Himalayan regions and lives in upper temperate oak-conifer forests at the heights of 2500 to 5000 meters.
Male and female Himalayan Monal is different by color. Male has blue and brown on its body with a crest on the head where female Monal is brown. This is also a national bird of Nepal where it is known by Danphe.
- The scientific name of Himalayan Monal is Lophophorus Impejanus
State Flower Of Uttarakhand: Brahma Kamal
Brahma Kamal is a state flower of Uttarakhand. The flower is a native of Himalayan hills and is found at the height of around 4500 meters.
Brahma Kamal blooms in the mid of the monsoon (July To August) amongst rocks and grasses. It is named on the Hindu God Brahma; a God of creation and also known by The Lotus of Brahma.
- The scientific name of Brahma Kamal is Saussurea obvallata
State Tree Of Uttarakhand: Burans Tree
Burans is a state tree of Uttarakhand. This evergreen tree is found in the high area of the Indian subcontinent. In the mid of spring flowers bloom on the tree. The local people of Uttarakhand also use it to make juice called Burans Ka Sharbat in the hilly regions of Uttarakhand.
Burans is a state flower of Nagaland and in Nepal, it is known by Gurans. Rhododendron is also a state tree of Sikkim but that is a different species (Rhododendron Niveum) of Rhododendron.
- The scientific name of Burans is Rhododendron arboreum
State Butterfly Of Uttarakhand: West Himalayan Common Peacock
West Himalayan Common Peacock is a state butterfly of Uttarakhand. It is found in the Indian subcontinent on the Himalaya foothills up to the height of 2000 meters.
Mostly it can be seen in the forests area but also can be seen in the urban and suburban areas if appropriate plants are available. West Himalayan Common Peacock is also known by East Himalayan Common Peacock and Indo Chinese Common Peacock.
- The scientific name of West Himalayan Common Peacock is Papilio bianor polyctor
Unofficial State Symbols of Uttarakhand
Apart from abovesaid official Uttarakhand state symbols, there are few other unofficial state symbols of Uttarakhand. People use to refer to these as state symbols but officially these are not Uttarakhand state symbols but these are also very famous and unique things you can find in Uttarakhand.
Uttarakhand State Fruit: Kaphal (Kafal)
Kaphal is a state fruit of Uttarakhand. It is found in the hills of the Himalayan region of Uttarakhand. Kafal fruit has a mulberry-like texture. Kafal fruit found in summer is green in color when it remains unripe, but when ripe it becomes red and black in color. Its taste is some sour and some sweet. Kafal is also considered very beneficial for health. This is also known as the fruit of God.
- The scientific name of Kafal fruit is Myrica esculenta
Uttarakhand State Nickname: Devbhoomi (Land Of God)
Uttarakhand is also known by Devbhoomi (Land Of God). A large number of Hindu temples and pilgrimage places are found in Uttarakhand. Holy places of Hinduism, Kedarnath, Badrinath, Gangotri, and Yamunotri also located in Uttarakhand.
Uttarakhand State River: Ganga River
India’s longest river Ganga also rises from Uttarakhand’s Western Himalayan region called Gomukh known by Bhagirathi. When Bhagirathi comes to Devprayag and meets the river Alaknanda then it is called Ganga. It is one of the most sacred rivers of Hinduism and worships as a Goddess.
Uttarakhand State Sweet: Bal Mithai
Bal Mithai is known as a state sweet. It is very popular amongst the people of Uttarakhand and nearby regions of Uttarkhand. It looks like brown chocolate.