Each nation has its own distinct identity, which is unanimously accepted by everyone. The nation is identified with the symbols of the nation and its citizens. Similarly, National symbols of India also reflect India’s identity and unity.
National Symbols of India: Pride of Indian
The national symbols of India have its own history, personality, and uniqueness. The national symbols of India is a reflection of the country, which has been chosen very thoughtfully. In this post, we will know about the national symbols of India. Following are the national symbols of India:
National Flag of India: Tiranga (Tricolour)
The national flag of India is the Tricolor, a symbol of the pride of India. The tricolour has three colour strips in equal proportion.
- It has a dark saffron colour at the top, which is a symbol of courage and sacrifice.
- The white stripe in the middle is a symbol of peace and truth.
- The green colour at the bottom symbolizes faith, prosperity, and greenery.
In the tricolour, Ashoka Chakra is made from blue in the middle of the white colour; which has 24 stripes. This flag is like the Swaraj flag, which was designed by Pingali Venkayya.
National Emblem of India: Singh (Lions) in Ashok Stambh
The national emblem of India is the emblem of Singh in Ashoka of Sarnath. This figure made in rounding and has the face of four lions, which are shown showing back to each other. This figure is a symbol of strength, courage, and victory.
Along with this, the shape of an elephant, a horse, an ox, and a lion is made in the lower side, Ashoka Chakra is also made in the middle of it. When the constitution of India came into force on 26 January 1950, it was adopted as the national symbol of the country.
It is made by carving on a single stone. ‘Satyameva Jayate’ is written on the bottom of it, which is taken from Hindu Vedas. It is still preserved in the museum of Sarnath, the super-religion cycle of this shape has also been made. Punjab state also same state motto, read more here.
National Anthem of India: Jan Gana Mana
Jan Gana Mana is the national anthem of India. It was written by the great writer Rabindranath Tagore in Sanskrit, Bengali. Earlier it was composed as ‘Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata’ in Bengali. It was first sung at the Indian National Congress meeting in Calcutta on 27 December 1911. It was officially recognized as the national anthem on 24 January 1950. A formal rendition of the national anthem takes approximately 52 seconds.
Some rules should be followed while singing the national anthem, they are as follows:
- Whenever the national anthem is sung or played, it is mandatory for the audience to stand up.
- It is mandatory to inform the national anthem before singing or playing it.
- Singing the national anthem is mandatory after flagging.
- In any event, the national anthem is played when the president comes and goes.
- Parade salute, the national anthem sung by army program.
- Schools can be started in the government offices by the national anthem.
- The glory of the national anthem, pride and respect is the responsibility of every citizen.
National Song of India: Vande Mataram
Vande Mataram is a national song of India. The national song of India was written in Sanskrit by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay. During the freedom struggle, this song used to inspire all freedom fighters, it fills them with new energy.
The song ‘Vande Mataram’ was first played by Rabindranath Tagore at the session of the Indian National Congress in 1896. It is ranked as one of the 10 most favourite songs in the world during a 2003 poll.
On 24 January 1950, it received the status of a national song. At the time of the constitution, Rajendra Prasad said that,
…The composition consisting of words and music known as Jana Gana Mana is the National Anthem of India, subject to such alterations as the Government may authorize as occasion arises, and the song Vande Mataram, which has played a historic part in the struggle for Indian freedom, shall be honoured equally with Jana Gana Mana and shall have equal status with it. (Applause) I hope this will satisfy members.” —Constituent Assembly of India, Vol. XII, 24-1-1950…
(Note: above statement is taken from Wikipedia, refer the link https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vande_Mataram)
National Animal of India: The Bengal Tiger
The Bengal Tiger, the Lord of the Jungle, is also called the national animal of India. It shows the richness, strength, agility and immense power of India. In April 1973 The Bengal Tiger announced as a national animal of India.
It was connected to Project Tiger, under which the message of saving the Tigers is given to everyone. Prior to this Lion was the national animal of India.
National Bird of India: Peacock
Peacock is the national bird of India. The peacock represents the unity of bright colours, as well as the Indian culture. It was declared a national bird in 1963. This beautiful peacock also shows the diversity of the country. It is found much more in India than in other countries. Himalayan Monal also looks like a Peacock.
National Flower of India: Lotus
Lotus is a national flower of India. It also has a special place in the history of ancient India. The lotus flower gives a very deep message, the way it blooms in mud and floats in water, and never dries. In the same way, a man should keep working continuously, but should not worry about its result. According to Hindu belief, it is the throne of Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth, which signifies wealth and prosperity.
National Fruit of India: Mango
Mango is the national fruit of India and also known by the King of Fruits. It has more than 100 varieties available in India. India is the biggest producer of Mangos. Mango is not only in the list of National Symbols of India, but even it is also a national fruit of Pakistan and the Philippines. In Bangladesh, its tree has a national tree status.
National River of India: The Ganga
India’s famous holy river Ganga has been named as National River. There is a lot of recognition of Hindus with this huge river Ganga, they worship them like a mother. A bath in this holy river washes away all sins.
National Tree of India: Banyan Tree
The national tree of India is Banyan Tree. This tree is very big in size and has a very long lifespan, so it is considered an immortal tree. Hindus also worship this tree in India.
National Game of India: Hockey
Despite the immense popularity of cricket, Hockey is the national game of India. Between 1928-1956, India had won the gold medal in the Olympics for 6 consecutive times. At that time India had played 24 matches in the Olympics and had won all. At this time, the game of Hockey was very much liked in India, due to which it was declared a national symbol of India.
National Vegetable of India: Pumpkin
Pumpkin is a national vegetable of India. Dishes prepared by Pumpkin are very famous in India. In India, pumpkin is also known as Sitaphal, Kaddu, Kumda, Kashifal, Lal Bhopla, and many other names. It is very beneficial for our health. This gift of nature has many medicinal properties for fighting diseases. Pumpkin vegetable has the ability to cure many diseases ranging from the stomach to heart.
The scientific name of national vegetable of India is Cucurbita maxima
- Beta Carotene is found in excessive quantity in pumpkin
- Pumpkin is very beneficial in reducing body temperature
- Its juice strengthens the Digestive System
- Vitamins C and E, Iron, and Fibers are abundant in it. The iron present in it controls blood circulation in our body.
- Stress is reduced by consuming Pumpkin seeds and sleep is good by consuming it.
- Pumpkin seed removes many diseases related to sex
National Calendar of India: The Saka Calendar
Saka Calendar has the status of the national calendar of India. It was created by the Calendar Committee and started using officially at 1 Chaitra 1879, Saka Era, or 22 March 1957, which has been prepared with the help of Bhartiya Panchag. In addition to the Hindu religious calendar, Astro data, time is also written. It is also used in Java and Bali among the Hindu community.
National Aquatic Animal of India: Ganges River Dolphin
The Ganges River Dolphin recognized as a national aquatic animal of India. It is found in the Indian subcontinent. It weighs up to 150kg. Females are larger than males. It can only survive in pure and fresh-water.
National Currency of India: Indian Rupee
Indian Rupee is the official currency of India. In 2010, Indian Rupee got its symbol (‘₹‘) as well which designed by Udaya Kumar Dharmalingam.
National Heritage Animal of India: Indian Elephant
Since the 22nd of October 2010, Indian Elephant is also known by the national heritage animal of India. India has nearly 29000 elephants. Indian government included elephant in the list of national symbols of India to protect elephants.
National Reptile of India: King Cobra
King cobra is the national reptile of India. It is considered a sacred animal in Indian culture. They are found in almost every part of the Indian subcontinent.
Above is a list of National symbols of India. If you think that something missing/wrongly explained or changed, please let us know through our contact us page.