Maharashtra is located in the south-central of India. It is one of the richest and prosperous states of India. The word Maharashtra comes from Sanskrit which is a mix-up of two words “Maha” and “Rashtra” which means Great Country. This state was created on May 1, 1960, on the demand of Marathi-speaking people. Similar to other Indian states, Maharashtra also declared its state symbols such as animal, bird, tree, etc.
Maharashtra State Symbols: Animal, Bird, Flower, And Tree
Following are the official Maharashtra state symbols.
State Animal of Maharashtra: Indian Giant Squirrel
Indian Giant Squirrel is a state animal of Maharashtra. It is also known as a Malabar giant squirrel. Indian giant squirrel is found in the forest and woodland of India, it mostly can be seen on large trees.
- The scientific name of the Indian Giant Squirrel is Ratufa indica.
State Bird of Maharashtra: Yellow Footed Green Pigeon
Yellow Footed Green Pigeon is a state bird of Maharashtra. Yellow Footed Green Pigeon is also known as Yellow-Legged Green Pigeon and in Marathi, it is called Hola or Haryal. It is found in the Indian subcontinent.
- The scientific name of Yellow Footed Green Pigeon is Treron phoenicoptera.
State Flower of Maharashtra: Jarul/Tamhan
Jarul is a state flower of Maharashtra. In Marathi, it is called Tamhan/jarul/Motha Bondara. Few other names of Jarul are Pride of India, Queen Crepe Myrtle, Banaba.
Jarul is a small to medium-sized tree found in India, South East Asia, Bangladesh, and the Philippines. In Japan and Taiwan Jarul’s (Banaba) leaves and other parts are used in preparing tea. Jarul also is one of the popular herbs in the Philippines. It is also used for medical purposes.
- The scientific name of Jarul is Lagerstroemia speciosa.
State Tree of Maharashtra: Mango Tree
Mango Tree is a state tree of Maharashtra. Mango is a very useful, long-lived, dense, and large tree, which occurs extensively in India from Kanyakumari in the south to the Himalayan foothills in the north (up to a height of 3,000 feet) and from Punjab in the west to Assam in the east. Its tree reaches a height of 50-60 feet. According to botanical classification, mango is a tree of the family Anacardiaceae.
- The scientific name of the Mango Tree is Mangifera indica.
State Butterfly of Maharashtra: Blue Mormon
Blue Mormon is a state butterfly of Maharashtra. Apart from Sri Lanka, the butterfly of this species is found in the Western Ghats of Maharashtra, South India, and the eastern seaboard area. It is the fourth largest butterfly in India.
- The scientific name of the Blue Mormon is Papilio polymnestor