Himachal Pradesh State Symbols: Animal, Bird, Flower, and Tree

Himachal Pradesh is a northern state of India. It touches the border of Union Territory Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, and Uttarakhand. Himachal Pradesh also touches the international border with Tibet. It is a hilly area. Similar to Uttarakhand, it is also known as Dev Bhoomi (A Land of God).

Here, in this article, we will know about the Himachal Pradesh state symbols such as the state animal of Himachal Pradesh, the state bird of Himachal Pradesh, the state flower of Himachal Pradesh, the state tree of Himachal Pradesh, etc.

Himachal Pradesh State Symbols: Animal, Bird, Flower, And Tree

Himachal Pradesh has rich cultural values, flora, and fauna. Based on these things Himachal Pradesh chose some state symbols which can represent Himachal Pradesh. Following are the Himachal Pradesh state symbols.

State Animal of Himachal Pradesh: Snow Leopard

State Animal of Himachal Pradesh: Snow Leopard
Image Source: WWF

Snow Leopard is a state animal of Himachal Pradesh. Snow Leopard also known as Ounce and Mountain Monarch. As its names suggest, it is mostly found in the snowy hilly area ranging from eastern Afghanistan, the Himalayas, and the Tibetan Plateau, to southern Siberia, Mongolia, and western China.

In India, Snow Leopard is found on the Himalayas hills on the high elevation in Jammu & Kashmir, Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh.

Snow Leopard is very less in the numbers (Fewer than 10,000), hence it is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. Snow Leopard is an endangered species hence Himachal Pradesh removed musk deer as a state animal and decided to have snow leopard as a state animal of Himachal Pradesh.

  • The scientific name of Snow Leopard is Panthera uncia

State Bird of Himachal Pradesh: Western Tragopan

State Bird of Himachal Pradesh: Western Tragopan

Western Tragopan is the state bird of Himachal Pradesh. It is also known as Jujurana or Phulgar or Western Horned Tragopan. Locally, in Himachal Pradesh, people also called Western Tragopan as a ‘King of the Birds‘. In Kashmir, it is known as DaanGeer.

Before the Western Tragopan, Monal was the state bird of Himachal Pradesh. Monal is a state bird of Uttarakhand and the national bird of Nepal hence Himachal Pradesh Government decided to have Western Tragopan as its state bird. It is an endangered bird and a lit bit specific to Himachal Pradesh in India due to the Himalayan range.

However, it is also found in Uttarakhand. Due to highly endangered species, Himachal Pradesh put Jujurana in Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act. So that it can be protected. It is a medium-sized bird found in the Himalayan ranges from Pakistan to India.

  • The scientific name of Western Tragopan is Tragopan melanocephalus

State Flower of Himachal Pradesh: Pink Rhododendron

State Flower of Himachal Pradesh: Pink Rhododendron

Pink Rhododendron is the state flower of Himachal Pradesh. It is also known as Bell Rhododendron or Bell-Flowered Rhododendron or Burans. Earlier Rhododendron arboreum was the state flower of Himachal Pradesh, which is widely distributed across the Himalayan range and Rhododendron arboreum is also a state tree of Uttarakhand hence Himachal Pradesh replaced it with Pink Rhododendron and made its state flower. Pink Rhododendron is on the list of threatened species of the IUCN.

Along with the Indian Himalayan range, Pink Rhododendron is also found in Tibet. There are over 900 different species of rhododendrons all over the world. Pink Rhododendron is one of them. Most of the Rhododendron species are found in the Himalayan ranges in India, Pakistan, Tibet, Bhutan, China, and Nepal.

All Rhododendron species are highly medically rich. People also make the juice of Rhododendron’s flower. Pink Rhododendron flowers in between May to November.

  • The scientific name of Pink Rhododendron is Rhododendron campanulatum

State Tree of Himachal Pradesh: Deodar

State Tree of Himachal Pradesh: Deodar

Deodar is the state tree of Himachal Pradesh. It is also known as Deodar Cedar or Himalayan Cedar or Deodaru or Devadaru. Deodar is native to North-Western Himalayas, distributed Kashmir to Uttarakhand. It is also found in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Tibet, and Nepal.

Deodar flourishes in the cold and high altitudes area. Due to its anti-fungal, insect repellent, and anti-bacterial properties it is preferred for woodworks. Deodar is also used for medical purposes. In Ayurved, it is used for many diseases such as insomnia, dyspepsia, urinary discharges, cough and cold, fever, bronchitis, itching, etc.

  • The scientific name of Deodar is Cedrus deodara

State Fish of Himachal Pradesh: Golden Mahseer

State Fish of Himachal Pradesh: Golden Mahseer
Image source: Wikipedia

Golden Mahseer is the state fish of Himachal Pradesh. It is also known as Putitor Mahseer, Himalayan Mahseer. Golden Mahseer is an endangered species of the cyprinid fish family. It inhabits the rapid streams, riverine pools, and lakes in the Himalayan region. It is mostly found in the Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra rivers’ basins. It is a popular gamefish.

The Himalayan Golden Mahaseer is the National fish of Pakistan. It is also the state fish of the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and the UT of Jammu and Kashmir.

  • The scientific name of Golden Mahaseer is Tor putitora

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