Qutub Minar is the world’s largest brick tower at 120 meters high and is the second-largest tower in India. It is located at Fateh Burj in the Mehrauli area of Delhi.
The surrounding complex of Qutub Minar is called by Qutub Complex, which is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The tower is made by red stone and marble, the Qutub Minar is 72.5 meters (237.8 ft) high with a diameter of 14.32 meters (47 ft) above ground and 2.75 meters (9 ft) from its peak.
There are round stairs inside the tower, there are 379 steps in total to the height. The nearest metro station of Qutub Minar is Qutub Minar station.
History of Qutub Minar
The construction of Qutub Minar started in 1199 AD by Qutub-ud-din Aibak, who was the first ruler of the Delhi Sultanate. To complete the Qutub Minar, the successor Aibak built three more minarets in it.
Qutub Minar is named after the Qutub-ud-din Aibak, the Sultanate of Delhi and Bakhtiar Kaki was a Sufi saint who built it.
The top floor of the tower was damaged in 1368 AD due to lightning and was later rebuilt by Firoz Shah Tughlaq. Firoz Shah got 2 more floors constructed with white marble. Due to an earthquake in 1505, the Qutub Minar suffered significant damage and the damage was later repaired by Alexander Lodi.
On 1 August 1903, another earthquake struck, and again the Qutub Minar was damaged, but then Major Robert Smith of the British Indian Army recovered it in 1928 and also built a dome on the topmost part of the Qutub Minar. But later on the Instruction of Lord Hardinge, then Governor-General of India, this dome was removed and it was installed in the east of Qutub Minar. It is known as “Smith’s Folly”.
10 Amazing Facts About Qutub Minar
1. The construction of Qutub Minar was started by the ruler of Ghulam dynasty, Qutubuddin Aibak in 1193 A.D. But Qutubuddin Aibak built the base of Qutub Minar, after which his successor Iltutmish added three more floors and in 1368 Ferozeshah Tughlaq added the fifth story.
2. It is said that Qutub Minar was named after Khwaja Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki.
3. It is also said that the original name of Qutub Minar is Vishnu Pillar which was not built by Qutubdin but by one of the Navratnas of Emperor Chandragupta Vikramaditya and astronomer Varahamihira.
4. Qutub Minar is the world’s highest tower made of brick. It is 72.5 meters in height and 14.3 meters in diameter, which rises to 2.75 meters at the summit.
5. The three-story out of the five-story of Qutub Minar is made of red sandstone and the other two stories are made of marble and red sandstone and the balconies are located in front of each floor.
6. Qutub Minar has 379 steps.
7. The Qutub Minar complex houses the Qutub Minar, Kubbat-ul-Islam Mosque, Alai Minar, Aali Darwaza, Iron Pillar, and Iltutmish’s Tomb.
8. The specialty of the iron pillar located on the premises of Qutub Minar is hundreds of years old but this pillar is not rusted yet.
9. Qutub Minar is built by the remains of the ancient fortress Lal Kot in the ancient city of Delhi, Dhillika. Dhillika was the capital of the last Hindu kings Tomar and Chauhan.
10. Qutub Minar is a very ancient building and historically there are many more buildings like Qutub Minar such as The Tomb of Illumish, Alai Darwaza, Ala-ud-din Madrasa, Land Tomb, etc.